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Research Strategies

Using the CRAAP Test to Evaluate Sources

Girl looking at dog asking "Is that CRAAP?"

Currency

  • What is the publication date?
  • How current are the citations in the bibliography?
  • How current does the information need to be for your topic or assignment

Relevancy

  • Does the information relate directly to your topic?
  • Who is the audience for the publication?
  • Does is provide general background information or in-depth information on a specific topic? Which do you need?

Authority

  • Who created the information?
  • What is the author's experience with this topic? 
  • Look for the author's biography or information about the publisher or responsible organization. If there isn't anything in the resource, Google it!

Accuracy

  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Can you verify the information in another source?
  • How extensive is the bibliography or work cited list? Can you use these reference to find more information on your topic?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose

  • What is the purpose of the information? Is it meant to inform you, sell you something or persuade you?
  • Does it present a fair and balanced view?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious or personal biases?
  • If it's a website, are there advertisements that suggest the information might be biased toward selling a product rather than providing objective information?

Evaluating Websites

In this video you will learn: How to determine if a website is a good source for your assignment.