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MUS 307: Music From a Global Perspective

Music Librarian

Lindsay Hansen Brown's picture
Lindsay Hansen Brown


Using the CRAAP Test to Evaluate Sources

Girl looking at dog asking "Is that CRAAP?"


  • What is the publication date?
  • How current are the citations in the bibliography?
  • How current does the information need to be for your topic or assignment


  • Does the information relate directly to your topic?
  • Who is the audience for the publication?
  • Does is provide general background information or in-depth information on a specific topic? Which do you need?


  • Who created the information?
  • What is the author's experience with this topic? 
  • Look for the author's biography or information about the publisher or responsible organization. If there isn't anything in the resource, Google it!


  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Can you verify the information in another source?
  • How extensive is the bibliography or work cited list? Can you use these reference to find more information on your topic?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?


  • What is the purpose of the information? Is it meant to inform you, sell you something or persuade you?
  • Does it present a fair and balanced view?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious or personal biases?
  • If it's a website, are there advertisements that suggest the information might be biased toward selling a product rather than providing objective information?


Streaming resources

Citing Your Sources

Use the APA or the MLA Quick Guides to double check your citations. Make sure to pay attention to all the small details, every period and comma counts. Examples of a Reference or Works Cited list are included at the end of each guide. 

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