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Public Sector Management

APA Style Guides, 7th edition

This guide is a quick introduction to the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Edition Style for citations, basic format, and sample annotated bibliography. Please be sure to consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 7th edition and/or the APA Style website for additional details.

Most Notable changes from APA 6th edition to 7th edition

  1. Publisher location is NOT included for book citations.
  2. In-text citations from works with three or more authors is shortened from the first time mentioned to (Hernandez et al., 2020)
  3. Include up to 20 authors in the reference.
  4. DOIs need to be formatted as clickable URLs such as   
  5. Don’t include “Retrieved from” in front of a URL unless a retrieval date is needed.
  6. For website citation include the website name, unless it is the same as the author.
  7. Clear guidelines for citing media contributors that are not authors or editors.

Media type

Include as author



TV series

Executive Producers


Host or Executive Producer



Online Streaming Video

Person/Group who uploaded the video

  1. Citation examples are provided for different types of online sources including: podcasts, youtube videos, and social media posts.
  2. Use the singular “they” as a gender neutral pronoun instead of he or she.
  3. Clear format guidelines are provided for student and professional research papers.
  4. More flexibility in font choices/size and include:
    1. Calibri 11
    2. Arial 11
    3. Lucida Sans Unicode 10
    4. Times New Roman 12
    5. Georgia 11
  5. The running head on the title page no longer includes the words Running head. It now only includes the title of the paper and the page number.
  6. Student papers do not need to include a running head. (Unless specified from your instructor)
  7. At the end of a sentence, use one space instead of two.

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