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Child and Adolescent Development

A research guide for the department of CADV.

How this Page Works

This page is meant to help inspire your research projects and papers.

This page contains a brief overview of the psychological and social science theories and theorists upon which CADV is grounded. Each box has a description of the theory and a list of key theorists. 

Click on each theorist's picture to link out to a peer-reviewed article about his/her scientific approach and work in the field.

Behaviourist

Learning is gradual and continuous. Development is a sequence of specific conditional behaviours. Main emphasis is on the environment, not heredity. Observable behaviours are considered most important.

 

Key Theorists

John Watson
John Watson
B.F. Skinner 
B.F.Skinner

Cognitive

Qualitative changes in the way children think. The child is considered an active learner going through stages.

Key Theorist

George A. Miller

George A. Miller

 

 

Ecological

Balance between nature and nurture. Child is placed in the middle of concentric factors which all influence the child. Emphasis is placed both on environment and heredity.

Key Theorists

James Gibson

James Gibson

Roger G. Barker

Roger G. Barker

 

Information Processing

We all have an innate learning ability. Children are born with specialised information processing abilities that enable them to figure out structure of development.

Key Theorists

Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget

Robert Sternberg

Robert Sternberg

 

 

 

Maturation

Growth and development occur in orderly stages and sequence. The individual genetic timetable affects rate of maturation.

Key Theorist

Arnold L. Gesell

Arnold L. Gesell

 

Psychosocial

Personality develops in eight stages throughout a lifetime. Development is influenced through interactions with family, friends and culture.

Key Theorists

Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson

Mary E. Richmond

Mary E. Richmond

 

Psychodynamic

Behaviour is controlled by unconscious urges. Three components of the mind are id, ego and super ego.

Key Theorists

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud

Carl Jung

Carl Jung

 

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