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Educational Leadership & Policy Studies (ELPS)

APA Style

In-Text Citations

"In-text citation" means that you refer to (or cite) the ideas or words of another as soon as you write about them in your paper. There are several ways to do this: using quotation marks for exact words, summarizing or condensing without changing the meaning, and paraphrasing or using your own words.

Here are specific examples of ways to handle in-text citation in both APA and MLA format.

APA In-Text Citation Basics (Purdue OWL)

APA In-Text Citations Specific Examples (Purdue OWL)

MLA In-Text Citation Basics and Examples (Purdue OWL)

Brief Examples of Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing Using MLA (UCLA Library)

Creating a Bibliography at ZoteroBib


Automatically generates single citations from URLs or DOIs in APA.

Structuring Your Paper: Advice and Examples

Writing an Education Research Paper (Boston College) (Brief discussion of typical parts of paper on education topics specifically.)

Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching: Components of a Research Paper (Online tutorial in which the key components of a quality research paper are identified and discussed with videos and examples.)


Learning Resource Center

LRC - Learning Resource Center

Make an appointment with a writing tutor at the Learning Resource Center.

  • 818-677-2033
  • University Library 3rd floor, east wing

Citation Management Tools

Citation managers are software that keep track of your sources and help to format your citations in a variety of styles

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